Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Dactylic Names (girls)

I feel like there's a good joke in there about pterosaurs, or maybe fingers, but my brain's not being witty enough today. :p

A dactyl is a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables, like Cassidy or Madelyn. Most American names are trochaic (two-syllable, stressed followed by unstressed, e.g. Hannah, Zoe), so iambic names (two syllable, unstressed followed by stressed; e.g. Marie, Noelle) are kind of the go-to for "nicely flowing" middles (boys' and girls' lists here).
But, dactylic names can also work well, especially if the first name is iambic.

Dactylic girls' names in the US tend to fall into one of three categories: OE/Germanic, Anglicizations from French/Latin, and surnames; so I will be particularly looking for names from different origins. :)
Also to cut down on what will already be a long list, I'm leaving out "familiar" names (that is, names that have appeared in the US Top 250 or so).

  • Abilene (AB-il-een, [Anglicized] Hebrew)--poss. "meadow"
  • Adelie (AD-el-ee, English)--from French, form of Adele. Also spelled Adalie
  • Aelia (EYE-lee-ah, Latin; EE-lee-ah, Anglicized)--prob. from Greek, "sun". Modern forms include Èlia (EH-lee-ah, Catalan) and Elia (EH-lee-ah, Spanish).
  • Águeda (AH-geh-dah, Spanish, Portuguese)--form of Agatha. Other forms include Ágota (AG-oh-taw, Hungarian), Agata (AH-gah-tah, Italian), and Agathe (AG-ah-thee, [anglicized] Greek). 
  • Amabel (AH-mah-bel, [archaic] English)--older form of Mabel
  • Amelie (AH-mel-ee, English)--from French, form of Amelia.  
  • Amethyst (AM-eh-thist, English)
  • Amity (AM-it-ee, English)
  • Annegret (AHN-neh-gret, German)--contraction of Anna Margaret
  • Annika (AHN-nik-ah, AN-nik-ah, English; AHN-nik-ah, Scandinavian, German)--form of Anna. Also spelled Anika
  • Annelie (AHN-nah-lee, German)--short form of Anneliese, a contraction of Anna Elisabeth. Scandinavian spelling is Anneli
  • Annalise (AN-neh-lees, English)--form of German/Scandinavian Anneliese. Also spelled Annelise
  • Anthea (AN-thee-ah, English)--from ancient Greek, "flower"
  • Aravis (EHR-ah-vis, [literary] English)
  • Artemis (AR-tem-is, Greek [mythology])
  • Avalon (AV-ah-lahn, English)
  • Aveline (AV-el-een, AV-eh-lin, English)--from French, a form of Evelyn
  • Avonlea (AV-un-lee, [literary] English)
  • Beatrix (BEE-ah-triks, English; BEH-ah-triks, Dutch, German)
  • Betony (BET-ah-nee, English)
  • Bricia (BREE-see-ah, Spanish)--feminine of Bricius/Bryce. Other forms include Brícia (BREE-see-ah, Portuguese) and Brizia (BREETS-ee-ah, Italian). 
  • Bryony (BRYE-on-ee, English)--also spelled Briony
  • Cassia (KAHS-see-ah, Latin)
  • Cecily (SES-il-ee, English)
  • Celandine (SEL-an-deen, SEL-an-dine, English)
  • Celestine (SEL-es-teen, SEL-es-tine, English)
  • Charmian (CHAR-mee-an, SHAR-mee-an, English)--from ancient Greek, "joy". Another form is Charmion (KAR-mee-on, CHAR-mee-on). 
  • Chastity (CHAS-tih-tee, English)
  • Chione (KYE-on-ee, Greek [mythology])--"snow"
  • Christabel (KRIS-tah-bel, English)--also spelled Christabelle or Christobel
  • Claribel (KLEHR-ih-bel, English)--also spelled Clarabelle
  • Clarity (KLEHR-ih-tee, English)
  • Cloelia (KLOY-lee-ah, Latin; KLEE-lee-ah, Anglicized)--modern forms include Clelia (KLEH-lee-ah, Italian) and Clélia (KLEH-lee-ah, Portuguese). 
  • Clemency (KLEM-en-see, English)--"mercy"
  • Clementine (KLEM-en-tine, KLEM-en-teen, English)
  • Corabelle (KOR-ah-bel, English)--also spelled Corabel.
  • Coralie (KOR-ah-lee, English)
  • Coraline (KOR-ah-line, English)
  • Cordia (KOR-dee-ah, Latin)--poss. "late-born", "heart", or "cord". A modern form is Cordula (KOR-doo-lah, German). 
  • Cosima (KOH-zee-mah, Italian, German)
  • Cressida (KRES-sid-ah, [literary] English)--from ancient Greek, "golden"
  • Cybele (SIB-el-ee, Greek [mythology])--from Hellenized Phrygian, poss. "stone, mountain"
  • Dajana (DAH-yah-nah, Serbian, Croatian)--form of Diana. Another form is Dijana (DEE-yah-nah). 
  • Damaris (DAM-ah-ris, [Biblical] Greek)
  • Danaë (DAN-ah-ee, Greek [mythology])--other forms include Danae (DAH-nah-ay, German, Italian), Dânae (DAN-ah-ay, Portuguese), Dànae (DAH-nah-ay, Catalan), and Dánae (DAH-nah-ay, Spanish). 
  • Daria (DAH-ree-ah, DAR-ee-ah, English, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Czech, Dutch)--other forms include Dariya (DAH-ree-ah, Ukrainian).
  • Decima (DEH-kee-mah, Latin; DES-im-ah, Anglicized)--"tenth"
  • Dervila (DUR-vil-ah, [anglicized] Irish)--form of Deirbhile, "daughter of a poet", or Dearbháil, "daughter of Fál [Ireland]". Also spelled Dervilla
  • Despina (THES-pee-nah ['th' like in "the"], Greek)--"lady, dame"
  • Đurđica (JOOR-jits-ah, Croatian)--form of Georgia. [also means 'lily of the valley' in Croatian]
  • Ealasaid (EL-ah-sahch, EL-ah-sahj, Scottish)--form of Elizabeth. Other forms include Ellisiv/Elisiv (EL-ih-siv, Norwegian, Swedish), Elsabe (EL-zah-beh, German), Erzsébet (EHR-zhay-bet, Hungarian) and Elsebeth/Elsebet (EL-seh-bet, Danish).
  • Elodie (EL-ah-dee, English)--from Gallicized Germanic, "other wealth" or poss. "all wealth"
  • Emerald (EM-er-ald, English)
  • Emese (EM-eh-sheh, Hungarian)
  • Eowyn (EH-oh-win, [literary] English)
  • Ephyra (EF-ih-rah, Greek [mythology])--poss. "fiery"
  • Esteri (ES-teh-ree, Finnish)--form of Esther
  • Ezia (ETS-ee-ah, Italian)--prob. from Latinized Greek, "eagle"
  • Ferelith (FEHR-eh-lith, FEHR-eh-leeth, English)--anglicized from Irish Forbhlaith, "sovereignty"
  • Floria (FLOR-ee-ah, Italian)--form of Flora
  • Gaiane (GYE-an-ee, [anglicized] Greek)--"of Gaia"
  • Galilee (GAL-il-ee, English)--from Biblical Hebrew place name, "circle, circuit"
  • Gefion (GEH-fee-on, German)--prob. from Germanic "giving" [a goddess in Germanic & Norse mythology]
  • Giacoma (JAH-koh-mah, Italian)--feminine of Giacomo/James
  • Gisela (GEE-zeh-lah, German; GEE-seh-lah, Danish, Swedish; KHEE-seh-lah, Dutch)--form of Giselle. Another form is Gizella (GEE-zel-lah, Hungarian). 
  • Gordana (GOR-dah-nah, Croatian, Serbian)--from Slavic, "dignified"
  • Guinevere (GWIN-eh-veer, English)
  • Hannele (HAHN-neh-leh, Finnish)--nickname for Hannah or Johanna
  • Hildegard (HIL-deh-gart, German; HIL-deh-gar, Danish, Norwegian; HIL-deh-gard, Swedish)
  • Honesty (AHN-es-tee, English)
  • Hyacinth (HYE-ah-sinth, English)
  • Imogen (IM-ah-jen, English)
  • Indigo (IN-dig-oh, English)
  • Ione (EYE-oh-nee, [Anglicized] Greek)
  • Jannike (YAHN-nik-eh, Scandinavian, German)--form of Jane. Also spelled Janneke or Janika
  • Jessamine (JES-sah-min, English)--form of Jasmine. Also spelled Jessamyn. Another (archaic) form is Jessamy (JES-sah-mee). 
  • Jubilee (JOO-bil-ee, English)
  • Junia (JOON-ee-ah, [anglicized] Latin)--"of Juno". Modern forms include Júnía (YOON-ee-ah, Icelandic), Junia (YOON-ee-ah, Scandinavian), and Júnia (ZHOON-ee-ah, Portuguese).
  • Juniper (JOON-ip-er, English)
  • Kseniya (KSEH-nee-ah, Russian, Ukrainian)--from ancient Greek, "hospitality". Other forms include Ksenia (Polish, Ukrainian), Ksenija (KSEH-nee-ah, Latvian, Croatian, Estonian, Serbian), Xenia (KSEH-nee-ah, German, Danish, Swedish), Xênia (SHEN-ee-ah, Portuguese), Xénia (KSEH-nee-ah, Hungarian), and Xènia (SHEN-ee-ah, Catalan). 
  • Laelia (LYE-lee-ah, Latin; LAY-lee-ah, English)--Italian form is Lelia (LEH-lee-ah). [an orchid genus]
  • Leonie (LEH-oh-nee, German)
  • Liberty (LIB-er-tee, English)
  • Lilia (LEE-lee-ah, Russian, Spanish, Bulgarian, Moldovan, Arabic, Italian)--form of Lily. Other forms include Liliya (LEE-lee-ah, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian), Lilias/Lillias (LIL-ee-as, Scottish), and Lillia (LIL-ee-ah, English)
  • Livia (LEE-vee-ah, Latin, Italian, German, Scandinavian, Czech, Spanish; LIV-ee-ah, English)--other forms include Lívia (LEE-vee-ah, Portuguese, Hungarian)
  • Lorelei (LOHR-eh-lye, German, English)
  • Maribel (MEHR-ib-el, English)
  • Mariel (MEHR-ee-el, English)
  • Marsaili (MAR-sah-lee, Scottish)--form of Marcella or Marjorie. Also spelled Marsali
  • Maxima (MAKS-ee-mah, Latin)--feminine of Maximus. Spanish spelling is Máxima
  • Melete (MEL-eh-tee, Greek [mythology])--"practice"
  • Milica (MIL-its-ah, Bulgarian, Serbian, Slovene, Croatian, Russian)--from Slavic, "dear". Sometimes transliterated as Militsa or Militza
  • Miracle (MEER-ah-kul, English)
  • Nephele (NEF-eh-lee, Greek [mythology])--"cloud"
  • Neria (NEH-ree-ah, Italian)--poss. from ancient Greek, "water"
  • Nevia (NEH-vee-ah, Italian)
  • Nicola (NIK-oh-lah, English; NEEK-oh-lah, German, Czech)--feminine of Nicholas. Also spelled Nikola (Polish, German, Slovak) or Nichola (English). 
  • Nimue (NIM-oo-ay, [literary] English)
  • Nydia (NID-ee-ah, [literary] English; NEE-dee-ah, Spanish)--poss. from Latin, "nest". Other forms include Nidia (NEE-dee-ah, Spanish) and Nídia (NEE-dee-ah, Catalan; NEE-jee-ah, NEE-dee-ah, Portuguese).
  • Oria (OR-ee-ah, Italian)--from Latin, "gold". Spanish and Portuguese form is Áurea (OW-reh-ah). 
  • Pádraigín (PAW-rah-geen, PAW-drah-geen, Irish)--form of Patricia
  • Philippa (FIL-ip-pah, English, German)
  • Philomel (FIL-ah-mel, [literary] English)--"nightingale"
  • Phyllida (FIL-id-ah, English)--form of Phyllis. Also spelled Phillida.
  • Piritta (PEER-it-tah, Finnish)--form of Bridget
  • Primula (PRIM-yoo-lah, English) [a flower genus]
  • Romilly (RAHM-il-lee, ROH-mil-lee, English)--from the French surname/place name, probably from Romilius [making it a relative of Roman]
  • Romola (ROH-moh-lah, Italian)--feminine of Roman. Slovak form is Romana (ROH-mah-nah). 
  • Rosabelle (ROHZ-ah-bel, English)--also spelled Rosabel
  • Rosalind (ROHZ-ah-lind, English)--other forms include Rosaline (RAHZ-ah-line, ROHZ-ah-leen) and Rosalyn (ROHZ-ah-lin, RAHZ-ah-lin).
  • Rosamund (RAHZ-ah-mund, ROHZ-ah-mund, English)--also spelled Rosamond or Rosamunde. Icelandic form is Rósmunda (ROHS-moon-dah). 
  • Saskia (SAS-kee-ah, English; SAHS-kee-ah, Dutch; ZAHS-kee-ah, German)--from Germanic, "Saxon"
  • Sosia (SOH-see-ah, Latin)--poss. from Greek, "safe". [also means "double, doppelgänger" in modern Italian]
  • Sunčana (SOON-chah-nah, Croatian)--"sunny"
  • Sunniva (SOON-iv-ah, Scandinavian, [medieval] English)--from Old English, "sun-gift"
  • Tullia (TOO-lee-ah, Latin, Italian)
  • Ursula (UR-suh-lah, English; OOR-zoo-lah, German; OOR-soo-lah, Scandinavian)--from Latin, "little bear". Other forms include Úrsula (OOR-soo-lah, Spanish, Catalan), Uršula (OOR-shoo-lah, Croatian), Orsola (OR-soh-lah, Italian), and Orsolya (OR-shoy-ah, Hungarian). 
  • Valkyrie (VAL-keh-ree, English)--from Norse mythology, "chooser of the slain"
  • Velia (VEH-lee-ah, Italian)
  • Vendela (VEN-deh-lah, Swedish)--feminine of Wendell
  • Verity (VEHR-it-ee, English)
  • Zinnia (ZIN-nee-ah, English)

Obviously, this is nowhere near comprehensive! (for some silly reason, name sites and online lexicons mostly don't give you the option of searching by stress pattern)

I'll keep adding to this list as I come across more obscure names. :)

Monday, September 24, 2018

British vs. American, Part 2 (2017)

Last time, we looked at the "most British" names; this time we're looking at the "most American".

Up first, here are the most popular American names that did not appear on the full UK lists at all.
(FTR, the list of names that were used in America but not the UK was approximately 2.5x as long as the names used in both. I'm sure population size contributes to that quite a bit, but still, wow)

Boys:
  1. Waylon
  2. Brantley
  3. Barrett
  4. Legend
  5. Beckham
  6. Jayceon
  7. Garrett
  8. Abram
  9. Jamison
  10. Trenton
  11. Gerardo
  12. Brycen
  13. Landyn
  14. Emmitt
  15. Ryland
  16. Cannon
  17. Sincere
  18. Alfredo
  19. Case
  20. Briggs

Girls:
  1. Ximena
  2. Raelynn
  3. Jordyn
  4. Londyn
  5. Brynlee
  6. Emersyn
  7. Daleyza
  8. Journee
  9. Journey
  10. Brynn
  11. Makenzie
  12. Raelyn
  13. Brinley
  14. Kylee
  15. Gracelynn
  16. Braelynn
  17. Kamryn
  18. Yaretzi
  19. Jimena
  20. Ryan
Yes, these are all very American. :p That's not necessarily bad, of course, but I would certainly be surprised to come across a Brit with any name on this list.
To tone down a bit, here are the most American names that were used in the UK last year.

Boys:
  1. Jesus
  2. Paxton
  3. Emiliano
  4. Weston
  5. Lane
  6. Everett
  7. Walker
  8. Josue
  9. Landon
  10. Tucker
  11. Kingston
  12. Brooks
  13. Easton
  14. Nash
  15. Landen
  16. Collin
  17. Gunner
  18. Rhett
  19. Angel
  20. Sawyer

Girls:
  1. Kinsley
  2. Emery
  3. Allison
  4. London
  5. Kinley
  6. Makenna
  7. Finley
  8. Genesis
  9. Alondra
  10. Emerson
  11. Magnolia
  12. Camryn
  13. Fernanda
  14. Camila
  15. Tatum
  16. Madilyn
  17. Sawyer
  18. Selah
  19. Ainsley
  20. Leighton
Bwahahaha, the surname/unisex trend is creeping its way across the pond. And America's getting the UK's vintage-y nicknames. I definitely think we're getting the better end of that deal, sorry. :p

On to the most "American" names from the British Top 1000!

Boys:
  1. Bryson
  2. Jose
  3. Colton
  4. Jameson
  5. Silas
  6. Ryker
  7. Carlos
  8. Ian
  9. Nolan
  10. Braxton
  11. Alejandro
  12. Wesley
  13. Maverick
  14. Zayden
  15. Brayden
  16. August
  17. Mateo
  18. Jayce
  19. Emmett
  20. Griffin

Girls:
  1. Avery
  2. Claire
  3. Zoey
  4. Madelyn
  5. Serenity
  6. Rylee
  7. Addison
  8. Brooklyn
  9. Ashley
  10. Trinity
  11. Kimberly
  12. Melanie
  13. Bailey
  14. Alaina
  15. Samantha
  16. Mariah
  17. Jocelyn
  18. Natalie
  19. Stella
  20. Fiona
Really, the boys' list doesn't surprise me all that much because the UK seems to have mostly side-stepped the surname-craze we Americans so enthusiastically embraced. The girls' list, however--Claire, Madelyn, Samantha, Jocelyn, Stella, Fiona....perhaps the US is a bit late to the party on those?


Up to now, we've been looking at differences. But what about names we all like? Here are the names given to roughly same % of kids in both the US and the UK (from about the Top 1500 for each).

Boys:
  1. Cory
  2. Enzo
  3. Hakeem
  4. Curtis
  5. Rafael
  6. Denzel
  7. Myles
  8. Oren
  9. Tate
  10. Kenny
  11. Harper
  12. Tyler
  13. Eliot
  14. Anton
  15. Phoenix
  16. Carlo
  17. Peter
  18. Hector
  19. Jarvis
  20. Dylan

Girls:
  1. Dalia
  2. Tegan
  3. Mylah
  4. Siena
  5. Aanya
  6. Noa
  7. Alexandra
  8. Ariella
  9. Isabella
  10. Adela
  11. Elora
  12. Katerina
  13. Sasha
  14. Persephone
  15. Larissa
  16. Saanvi
  17. Everley
  18. Nylah
  19. Scarlet
  20. Lisa
Noa! Harper! Katerina! Myles! Peter! Persephone! I think these are pretty great lists. :) Interesting how Isabella is the only popular name to be used about equally in both the US and the UK. 

Warning: pedantic stats talk! The most popular names in the UK are more common than the most popular names in the US--the #1 girls' name in the UK, Olivia, was given to ≈1.6% of British girls least year; while the #1 name in the US, Emma, was given to ≈1% of American girls. The percentages decrease at roughly the same rate from there, not meeting until #186 on both charts--Lucia in the US, Maggie in the UK--at which point the American name is then more common than its UK counterpart of the same rank. While the same phenomenon also happens on the boys' charts, the switch happens much closer to the top, at #58--Landon, US; Albie, UK.
This is why if you were to look up the rankings of the "equally-liked" names above, they would not likely be very similar. 

Saturday, September 22, 2018

British vs. American, Part 1 (2017)

Yay, it's that time again! Time to see how the British and American naming trends are the same, and where they differ. :)

First up, here are the most popular names in the UK (specifically England & Wales) that do not appear on the full US lists at all.

Boys:
  1. Teddie
  2. Ralphie
  3. Bertie
  4. Harri
  5. Dougie
  6. Oliwier
  7. Albi
  8. Ioan
  9. Barney
  10. Wiktor
  11. Ralphy
  12. Tomos
  13. Hughie
  14. Georgie
  15. Frazer
  16. Gethin
  17. Rares
  18. Tymoteusz
  19. Matas
  20. Kajus
(off to Google Rares. That's a completely new one for me!)

Girls:
  1. Amelia-Rose
  2. Isla-Rose
  3. Ella-Rose
  4. Lily-Rose
  5. Ava-Rose
  6. Ffion
  7. Jorgie
  8. Olivia-Rose
  9. Ivy-Rose
  10. Lily-Mae
  11. Ava-Grace
  12. Evie-Rose
  13. Mia-Rose
  14. Gracie-Mae
  15. Lilly-Rose
  16. Ellie-Mae
  17. Bella-Rose
  18. Dolcie
  19. Fearne
  20. Wiktoria
Oh, hyphens. Sometimes I wish we could use them in the US; other times I think our current naming culture is complex enough. :p
Removing the hyphenated names (which would either show up as smash-names or first-and-middle in the US):
  1. Ffion
  2. Jorgie
  3. Dolcie
  4. Fearne
  5. Wiktoria
  6. Orlaith
  7. Eadie
  8. Hettie
  9. Bethan
  10. Esmai
  11. Iga
  12. Dotty
  13. Lowri
  14. Harriette
  15. Cadi
  16. Efa
  17. Nancie
  18. Bluebell
  19. Hawwa
  20. Anwen
All of these would definitely stand out here in the US! Just a bit "too British", though? Here are the most British names that did get used in the US last year.

Boys:
  1. Alfie
  2. Albie
  3. Freddie
  4. Vinnie
  5. Reggie
  6. Nikodem
  7. Barnaby
  8. Woody
  9. Olly
  10. Matei
  11. Fraser
  12. Szymon
  13. Rafferty
  14. Archie
  15. Teddy
  16. Rupert
  17. Osian
  18. Wilfred
  19. Ned
  20. Piotr

Girls:
  1. Darcie
  2. Orla
  3. Darcey
  4. Oliwia
  5. Cerys
  6. Poppie
  7. Alicja
  8. Niamh
  9. Zuzanna
  10. Fleur
  11. Marnie
  12. Isobelle
  13. Harriett
  14. Lottie
  15. Blanka
  16. Nikola
  17. Ferne
  18. Kitty
  19. Martyna
  20. Miruna

Such fantastic names! Obviously there's a much bigger Eastern European influence in the UK; in the US we'll see a lot more Spanish. 

If these lists are still just a bit too "out there" for you, here are the names proportionately much more common in the UK, from the US Top 1000.

Boys:
  1. Harry
  2. Louie
  3. Reuben
  4. Toby
  5. Frankie
  6. Mohammed
  7. Muhammad
  8. Ronnie
  9. Bobby
  10. Harley
  11. Tommy
  12. Stanley
  13. Alfred
  14. Theo
  15. Charlie
  16. Arthur
  17. Sonny
  18. Oscar
  19. Jamie
  20. Billy

Girls:
  1. Florence
  2. Poppy
  3. Rosie
  4. Matilda
  5. Nancy
  6. Esme
  7. Evie
  8. Phoebe
  9. Martha
  10. Maisie
  11. Freya
  12. Amelie
  13. Jessica
  14. Holly
  15. Elsie
  16. Millie
  17. Erin
  18. Sienna
  19. Bonnie
  20. Frankie
I'd say that the UK is waaaay more into the -y/ie names than the US, but we've got all those -ley/lee/leigh names right now.  It's interesting how similar phonetic trends can still have such a stylistic difference. 

BTW, as to Rares, the closest I could find is Rareș, a Romanian name said roughly "RAH-resh". I like it!

Next time: the most American names! I'm always a bit scared for those lists. :p