Thursday, June 6, 2019

Addendum: Puerto Rican Names

I was perusing the state/territory data, and realized that I'd left out one region: Puerto Rico. It doesn't fit easily into any previous category, but since it's more populous than 20 or so states, it seemed remiss for me not to include it. :)
[the remaining US territories are lumped into one data file since their population is collectively smaller than the least populous state, Wyoming]

First off, here's the PR Top 10, compared to the national Top 10:


Puerto Rico
National
1.
Sebastian
Liam
2.
Dylan
Noah
3.
Ian
William
4.
Mateo
James
5.
Adrian
Oliver
6.
Liam
Benjamin
7.
Lucas
Elijah
8.
Matias
Lucas
9.
Thiago
Mason
10.
Jayden
Logan


Puerto Rico
National
1.
Valentina
Emma
2.
Victoria
Olivia
3.
Emma
Ava
4.
Mia
Isabella
5.
Isabella
Sophia
6.
Mikaela
Charlotte
7.
Amaia
Mia
8.
Camila
Amelia
9.
Amanda
Harper
10.
Kamila
Evelyn


Here are the top 10 names disproportionately common in Puerto Rico compared to the rest of the country:

Boys:
  1. Yandriel
  2. Kendriel
  3. Kenay
  4. Keniel
  5. Keyden
  6. Jeriel
  7. Neithan
  8. Jeyden
  9. Neythan
  10. Mauro

Girls:
  1. Keilianys
  2. Joelys
  3. Amahia
  4. Nahiara
  5. Alianys
  6. Elianys
  7. Alanys
  8. Nahia
  9. Naiara
  10. Alahia
Quite a departure from most state lists! Obviously Puerto Rican has a lot more Spanish influence than most regions in the US. Some of these are Hispanicizations of common American English names (Keyden for Kayden; Neithan/Neythan for Nathan). -Lys is a common elaboration/feminization in Latin American Spanish, like -lyn or -anna in Am. Eng.  Likewise, -iel names for boys, both Biblical and invented, parallel Am. Eng.'s -dens and -sons.

If you want to see all the data on Puerto Rico, it is, as always, here, on Google Sheets. :)

Interestingly, many popular names from the rest of the US don't appear in Puerto Rico at all (meaning they were given at most to 4 babies there last year)--Ava, Harper, Evelyn, Ella, Avery, Madison; Mason, Henry, Jackson, Carter--and that's just from the SSA Top 25!

Wednesday, June 5, 2019

New England Names

Yeah, I never did get around to doing this last year......oops. Last but not least are the New England names (CT, DC, DE, MA, MD, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT).
I've finally done the whole US now, though, so maybe it's time to start over. :p
[previous lists: Southern Names, "Surfer" Names, "Cowboy" Names, Midwestern Names]

Here are the most "New England" names (by % of babies given that name) in the New England states' Top 1000:

Boys:
  • Lipa
  • Hershy
  • Yitzchok
  • Yakov
  • Shaya
  • Mordechai
  • Shimon
  • Yisroel
  • Yehuda
  • Chaim
  • Moshe
  • Yaakov
  • Shlomo
  • Ahron
  • Avrohom
  • Tzvi
  • Shmuel
  • Nosson
  • Efraim
  • Simcha


Girls:
  • Faigy
  • Malky
  • Yitty
  • Shaindy
  • Sury
  • Malka
  • Faiga
  • Baila
  • Rochel
  • Rivka
  • Toby
  • Yehudis
  • Chana
  • Nechama
  • Chava
  • Goldy
  • Raizy
  • Batsheva
  • Pessy
  • Bracha

If we needed more proof that Jewish descent is strongest in the Northeast, I think we've found it!
To clarify, Lipa, the "most New England" boys' name, is about 7x more common in New England than in the US in general.
These are all still pretty uncommon, though; Faigy, the "most New England" girls name, was given to just 122 girls last year....all in New York and New Jersey! So, here are the names most disproportionately common in New England, from the states' Top 500:

Boys:
  • Yitzchok
  • Yakov
  • Mordechai
  • Shimon
  • Yisroel
  • Yehuda
  • Chaim
  • Moshe
  • Yaakov
  • Shlomo
  • Tzvi
  • Shmuel
  • Dovid
  • Dov
  • Meir
  • Yosef
  • Avraham
  • Menachem
  • Zev
  • Eliezer

Girls:
  • Faigy
  • Malka
  • Baila
  • Rivka
  • Chana
  • Nechama
  • Chaya
  • Gitty
  • Devorah
  • Giuliana
  • Giavanna
  • Miriam
  • Esther
  • Maeve
  • Francesca
  • Amalia
  • Milan
  • Rachel
  • Vienna
  • Giovanna

Still quite traditionally Jewish on the boys' list, but starting to get some other origins for the girls'! Regional differences are much more apparent on this list than previous ones, that's for sure. 

Finally, on to the most common names! Here are the "most New England" names from the states' combined Top 100:

Boys:
  • Nicholas
  • Luca
  • Ryan
  • Cole
  • Chase
  • Joseph
  • Zachary
  • Tyler
  • Dylan
  • Justin
  • Michael
  • Maxwell
  • Cameron
  • Gavin
  • Connor
  • Jack
  • Brayden
  • Jacob
  • Matthew
  • Anthony

Girls:
  • Esther
  • Rachel
  • Gabriella
  • Sarah
  • Gianna
  • Mackenzie
  • Julia
  • Leah
  • Valentina
  • Alexandra
  • Maya
  • Brianna
  • Hailey
  • Grace
  • Josephine
  • Riley
  • Brielle
  • Hannah
  • Emilia
  • Madison
Surprisingly classic, for the most part.

There's not much difference, but I did do it for all the other lists, so here's the New England Top 10 compared to the National Top 10.



New England
National
1.
Liam
Liam
2.
Noah
Noah
3.
Lucas
William
4.
Benjamin
James
5.
Michael
Oliver
6.
Logan
Benjamin
7.
Jacob
Elijah
8.
James
Lucas
9.
Mason
Mason
10.
Ethan
Logan


New England
National
1.
Emma
Emma
2.
Olivia
Olivia
3.
Isabella
Ava
4.
Sophia
Isabella
5.
Ava
Sophia
6.
Charlotte
Charlotte
7.
Mia
Mia
8.
Amelia
Amelia
9.
Abigail
Harper
10.
Emily
Evelyn

The entire New England Top 1000 is up here, on Google Sheets

Now for my favorite part: the most representative names of each individual state. These are the names that are most disproportionately common in that state compared to the country as a whole (using only the top 40% of each state's data, because rare names can make calculations....messy).

CT: Brendan, Rocco, Nico, Julius, Colin (boys); Siena, Maeve, Gabriella, Gianna, Juliette (girls)

DC: Nasir, George, Amari, Oscar, Edward (boys); Noa, Frances, Reign, Virginia, Amira (girls)

DE: Paul, Carson, Tristan, Brayden, Karter (boys); Briella, Myla, Callie, Noelle, Jayla (girls)

MA: Davi, Jad, Avi, Jadiel, Lucca (boys); Shea, Maeve, Theresa, Bridget, Siena (girls)

MD: Kamari, Damari, Jefferson, Nasir, Trent (boys); Milan, Tori, Sevyn, Zora, Angie (girls)

ME: Brady, Reid, Odin, Ryker, Riley (boys); Maeve, Piper, Madilyn, Fiona, Quinn (girls)

NH: Rory, Wesley, Cole, Rowan, Weston (boys); Maeve, Keira, Eloise, Juniper, Gemma (girls)

NJ: Yechezkel, Binyomin, Nosson, Avrohom, Shmuel (boys); Tzipora, Rochel, Yehudis, Batsheva, Nechama (girls)

NY: Zalmen, Mielech, Hershy, Lipa, Benzion (boys); Yides, Perl, Rifky, Trany, Shaindy (girls)

PA: Mervin, Mahlon, Ervin, Elam, Elmer (boys); Malinda, Fannie, Martha, Carmella, Vienna (girls)

RI: Lorenzo, Luca, Brayden, Cole, Roman (boys); Maeve, Jazlyn, Adriana, Juliana, Julianna (girls)

VT: Jayden, Thomas, Aiden, Weston, Blake (boys); Vera, Eloise, Genevieve, Adeline, Nora (girls)

That's right, Maeve appears 5 times. Why does upper New England like it so much--just the pure Irish-ness, or local namesake?
Other than that, the states are amazingly distinct. Pennsylvania is full of tiny old men; Vermont and New Hampshire upperclass hipsters. DC, Rhode Island, and Maryland are all over the place (although at least part of that is probably due to sample size).

If you want to see beyond the top 5 for each state, the lists are up here, on Google Sheets (same link as above; different sheet).

So, with such diverse styles, is it possible to tell what sort of names are "least New England"? Turns, out, yes--Spanish names for both genders, especially recently-coined and trendy ones for girls (Rey, Adán, Vicente; Itzayana, Daleyza, Frida), as well as surnames for both genders, again, particularly the "creative" (Kyson, Kohen, Braylon; Haisley, Oaklynn, Emerie). 

Monday, May 20, 2019

The Rise of -Lani

I previously joked about "-lani" being the new "-lee", but they really do seem to be taking off.

-lani names shooting up!

(image using the Expert NameVoyager, because I do not have that much computing power)

Difference is, -lani names stick somewhat close to their (mostly) Hawaiian roots, while -lee names are all over the place, both in origin and novelty.

To start with, here are all the -lani names used in the US last year, from most --> least common (alternate spellings were combined, but only the most common spelling is listed):

  • Leilani (≈3200 babies)
  • Kehlani
  • Alani
  • Kailani (≈1000 babies)
  • Kalani
  • Milani
  • Meilani (≈500 babies)
  • Nalani
  • Malani
  • Ailani
  • Jaylani
  • Kelani
  • Elani
  • Lailani
  • Jalani
  • Noelani
  • Aylani
  • Naylani
  • Lani (≈100 babies)
  • Mylani
  • Daylani
  • Aulani
  • Keylani
  • Lelani
  • Nylani
  • Jelani
  • Nilani
  • Xolani
  • Dalani
  • Ulani (≈25 babies)
  • Dailany
  • Mahealani
  • Kaiulani
  • Aolani
  • Kahealani
  • Mulani
  • Zaylani
  • Dylani
  • Leelani
  • Nolani
  • Healani
  • Mialani
  • Raelani
  • Taylani
  • Mililani
  • Talani
  • Yulani
  • Yeilani
  • Jolani
  • Nialani
  • Nohealani
  • Kealani
  • Kealohilani
  • Lulani
  • Yalani
  • Olani
  • Zalani
  • Halani
  • Kamalani
  • Kehaulani
  • Lealani
  • Lokelani
  • Solani
  • Yolani
  • Julani (5 babies)
  • Lolani

In all, approximately 66 different names, comprising about 0.7% of girls.
Obviously most are spinoffs of recognizable Hawaiian names [where lani means "sky, heavens"], but others are completely new to me! So, naturally, I had to go looking things up.
It is, of course, entirely possible that many parents did not have these names in mind, but simply "made up" names they didn't know already existed :p

  • Ailani--baby-name sites are pretty certain this is Hawaiian meaning "high chief", but I can't find a reliable primary source. It does seem to be an Indian (Singhi?) surname, though.
  • Alani (ah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--any tree from the Melicope genus, or the related orange tree/fruit
  • Aolani (ah-oh-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly cloud", "heavenly dawn", "heavenly realm"
  • Aulani (ah-oo-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly traveller"
  • Halani (hah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly breath"
  • Healani (heh-ah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly mist"
  • Jelani (jel-AH-nee, English)--poss. from Arabic, "of Gilan"
  • Kahealani (kah-heh-ah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"the heavenly mist", "the heavenly name"
  • Kailani (kah-ee-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly sea", "sky and sea"
  • Kaiulani (kye-oo-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"the heavenly sacred one"
  • Kalani (kah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"the heavens"
  • Kamalani (kah-mah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly child"
  • Kealani (keh-ah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly white", "clear sky"
  • Kealohilani (keh-ah-lo-hee-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"the heavenly splendor"
  • Kehaulani (keh-hah-oo-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly dew"
  • Keilani (keh-ee-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly glory"
  • Leilani (leh-ee-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly lei", [figuratively] "heavenly child"
  • Lokelani (loh-keh-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly rose"
  • Mahealani (mah-heh-ah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly haze, heavenly moonlight"
  • Milani (mee-lah-nee, Italian [surname])--"from Milan"
  • Mililani (mee-lee-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly caress"
  • Nalani (nah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"the heavens"
  • Noelani (noh-eh-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly mist"
  • Nohealani (noh-heh-ah-lah-nee, Hawaiian)--"heavenly beauty"
  • Xolani (Zulu)--prob. "peace". Soooo.....in Zulu, X represents the lateral click [you can listen to it here], and I assume it's being Anglicized or Hispanicized (or just flat-out mispronounced) in the US, but have no idea how!  I was previously imagining it as "shoh-lah-nee" (prob. because of names like Xochitl and Xulia), but if anyone has any insight, I'd love to hear it.
    [also, while Xolani appears to be only masculine in Zulu, in the US it was more popular for girls last year]

Obviously, this is nowhere near a complete list of -lani names, both Hawaiian and otherwise, merely the ones that showed up on the SSA lists last year. :)
Interestingly, although in Hawaiian most names are unisex, the only -lani names that showed up for boys were Alani, Xolani, and the various spellings of Jelani and Kalani