Thursday, May 3, 2018

Virtues in Other Languages (again)

Yes, I already have a post with this name, but it's really old, and has a bit of a different focus than my other "....in Other Languages" posts (plants, nature, love). So, keeping line with those, I've looked up translations of the 12 most common "virtue" names in the US.
*Asterisks indicate the name is already in use in that language, and unless otherwise stated, feminine.

Grace
[some mean 'grace' in the sense of "elegance"; some in the sense of "favor"; some both, like in English]
  • Armo (AHR-moh)--Finnish* [masculine]
  • Báj (BYE)--Hungarian
  • Charis (KHAH-rees [rough 'kh', like the ch in 'Chanukah'])--Ancient Greek [*sometimes used as a name in Modern English] [ Χάρις ]
  • Endian (en-dee-an)--Mandarin [ 恩典 ]
  • Genade (khen-AH-deh)--Dutch
  • Graça (GRAHS-ah)--Portuguese*
  • Gracia (GRAHS-yah)--Spanish*
  • Gratie (KHRAH-tsee)--Dutch
  • Gratija (GRAHTS-ee-yah)--Bulgarian, Croatian*, Russian [ грация ]
  • Grazia (GRAHTS-yah)--Italian*
  • Hari (KHAH-ree)-- Greek [ χάρη ]
  • Łaska (WAHS-kah)--Polish
  • Minnat (min-NAHT)--Persian [ منت ]
  • Nåde (NOH-deh [no real English equivalent for the å; somewhere between the o-sounds of 'odd' and 'ode'])--Norwegian

Serenity
  • Galini (ghah-LEE-nee [rough 'gh', no English equivalent])--Greek [ γαλήνη ]
  • Iremia (ee-rem-EE-ah)--Greek [ ηρεμία ]
  • Liniște (LEE-nish-tay)--Romanian
  • Safa (sah-FAH)--Arabic [*a name in Arabic, but from a slightly different derivation] [ صَفَاء ]
  • Roga (roh-gah)--Hebrew [ רֹגַע‎ ]
  • Ruhe (ROO-eh)--German
  • Serenità (seh-reh-nee-TAH)--Italian
  • Sérénité (say-ray-nee-tay)--French
  • Shanti (SHAHN-tee)--Hindi* [ शांति ]

Faith
  • Astha (AHST-hah)--Hindi* [ आस्था ]
  • Creideamh (KRED-yeh)--Irish, Scottish
  • Emuna (eh-moo-NAH)--Hebrew* [ אֱמוּנָה‎ ]
  • Iman (EE-man, ee-MAHN)--Arabic* [ إِيمَان‎‎ ]
  • Iman (ee-MAHN)--Persian* [masculine] [ ایمان‎ ]
  • Trú (TROO)--Icelandic* 
  • Usko (OOS-koh)--Finnish* [masculine]
  • Vera (VYEHR-ah)--Russian* [ вера ]
  • Víra (VEE-rah)--Czech

Harmony
[some in the sense of "agreement"; some in the sense of "musical combination"; some both]
  • Armonia (ar-moh-NEE-ah)--Greek [ αρμονία ], Italian
  • Armonía (ar-moh-NEE-ah)--Spanish
  • Darna (DAHR-nah [rolled R])--Lithuanian
  • Harmonia (har-MOHN-yah)--Polish
  • Harmonia (ar-MOHN-yah)--Portuguese
  • Harmonie (arm-on-EE)--French*
  • Harmonie (har-moh-NEE-eh)--Czech
  • Harmonie (har-moh-NEE)--German
  • Sämja (SAM-yah)--Swedish
  • Saskaņa (SAHS-kahn-yah)--Latvian
  • Soulad (SOHL-ahd)--Czech

Hope
  • Amal (AM-al)--Arabic* [unisex] [ أَمَل‎‎ ]
  • Asha (AH-shah)--Hindi* [ आशा ]
  • Cerība (seh-REE-bah)--Latvian
  • Dóchas (DOH-khahs)--Irish
  • Elpida (el-PEE-dah)--Greek* [ ελπίδα ]
  • Espérance (es-pay-RAWNs)--French*
  • Esperanza (es-peh-RAHN-sah)--Spanish*
  • Imedi (im-eh-dee)--Georgian [ იმედი ]
  • Naděje (nahd-yay-eh)--Czech
  • Nadéžda (nah-DEZH-dah)--Bulgarian* [ надежда ]
  • Nadéžda (nahd-YEZH-dah)--Russian* [ надежда ]
  • Nadíja (nah-JEE-yah)--Ukrainian* [ надія ]
  • Raja (rah-ZHAH, rah-JAH)--Arabic* [unisex] [ رَجَاء‎ ]
  • Remény (REH-mayn [nasalized N])--Hungarian*
  • Tikva (tik-VAH)--Hebrew* [ תִּקְוָה ]
  • Toivo (TOY-voh)--Finnish* [masculine]

Justice
  • Adalet (ah-DAH-let)--Turkish*
  • Justeza (joos-TEH-zah)--Portuguese
  • Justiça (joos-TEE-sah)--Portuguese
  • Justitia (jus-TISH-ah)--[Anglicized] Latin
  • Justesse (zhoos-TESS)--French
  • Pravda (PRAHV-dah)--Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian [also means "truth" in multiple related languages] [ правда ]

Joy / Felicity
  • Alegria (ah-leh-GREE-ah)--Portuguese
  • Alegría (ah-leh-GREE-ah)--Spanish
  • Gioia (JOY-ah)--Italian*
  • Glede (GLEH-deh)--Norwegian 
  • Farah (FAH-rah)--Arabic* [unisex] [ فَرَح‎ ]
  • Hara (khah-RAH)--Greek [ χαρά ]
  • Ilo (EE-loh)--Finnish* [unisex, more commonly masculine]
  • Joia (ZHOY-ah ['zh' like the S in 'treasure')--Catalan* [also means "jewel"]
  • Lykke (LOO-keh ['oo' like French 'ue'])--Danish*, Norwegian* [unisex, but modernly more feminine]
  • Simcha (sim-KHAH )--Hebrew* [unisex] [ שמחה‎‎ ]
  • Winne (WIN, WIN-neh)--[archaic] English
  • Zorion (soh-ree-ohn)--Basque* [masculine]

Liberty
  • Azadi (ah-zah-DEE)--Persian [ آزادی ]
  • Azadi (ah-ZAH-dee)--Hindi [ आज़ादी ]
  • Eleftheria (el-ef-theh-REE-ah)--Greek* [ ελευθερία ]
  • Frelsi (FREL-see)--Icelandic
  • Huriyya (huh-REE-yah)--Arabic [ حُرِيَّة‎ ]
  • Jiyu (jee-yoo)--Japanese [ 自由 ]
  • Laisvė (LICE-vay)--Lithuanian
  • Libertà (lee-behr-TAH)--Italian
  • Saoirse (SEER-shah, SAYR-shah)--Irish*
  • Saorsa (SEER-sah)--Scottish

Sincere
  • Iskren (EES-kren)--Bulgarian*, Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian [masculine]
  • Sincero / Sincera (seen-CHEH-roh / seen-CHEH-rah)--Italian
  • Sincero / Sincera (seen-SEH-roh / seen-SEH-rah)--Spanish

Mercy
  • Armo (AHR-moh)--Finnish* [masculine]
  • Eleos (EL-eh-ohs)--Greek [ έλεος ]
  • Huruma (hoo-ROO-mah)--Swahili
  • Milă (MEE-lah)--Romanian
  • Rahma (RAH-hmah)--Arabic* [ رَحْمَة‎ ]
  • Rehema (reh-HEH-mah)--Swahili*

Temperance
  • Raittius (RITE-tee-oos)--Finnish
  • Sobriété (soh-bree-AY-tay)--French
  • Temperancia (tem-peh-RAHN-see-ah)--Spanish
  • Templanza (tem-PLAHN-sah)--Spanish
  • Temprança (tem-PRAHN-sah)--Catalan

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